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Symbolism of The Old Man and the Sea

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Symbolism of The Old Man and the Sea

Abstract

This novel is based on a real story. It was written by Hemingway. Western European symbolism is a genre of world literary works. Hemingway's "The Old Man and the sea” contains a profound ideological theme symbolic significance.
He was an American novelist, short-story writer, and journalist. He was a part of the 1920s expatriate community in Paris, as well as the veterans of World War One later known as "the Lost Generation", as described in his posthumous memoir A Moveable Feast. This novel describes Hemingway moved to Cuba and met the old fisherman Gregorio Fontes. This novel based on the symbolic writing style.
The background of the story is in Cuba in the middle of the 20th century. The protagonist is an old fisherman named Santiago, supporting is a child named Mandolin. The old fisherman did not catch fish for 84 days, but he refused to give up, and he was full of the spirit of struggle, finally in the 85th day to catch a length of 18 feet, 1500 pounds of big marlin.
Finally, I draw a conclusion that Hemingway's doctrine of Courage, Hemingway's hero and his perseverance in the face of difficulties. To tell the truth: "Man is not born defeated." Man can be destroyed but cannot be defeated. The miserable fate of the old fisherman is precisely the reflection of Hemingway's own experience in art.

Key words:symbolism; naturalism; capitalism


CONTENTS

Introduction 1
Chapter One The Concept and Origin of Symbolism 2
I. The concept of symbolism 2
1.Symbolic meaning of this novel 2
2.The writing styles of this novelist 3
3.Sybolism of relationship between the old man and the sea 4
II. The origin of symbolism 5
Chapter Two Symbolism on Major Characters 6
I. Major characters 6
1.Symbolism of Santiago 6
2.Symbolism of the sea 7
3.Symbolism of children 7
4.Symbolism of Marlin fish 8
5. Symbolism of shark 8
II. Deeper meaning at the end of the novel 9
III. Summary 10
Chapter Three The deeper symbolic meaning of the novel 11
I. Symbolism of the naturalism and interdependence theory 11
1.The concept of naturalism 12
2. Analysis of this part 13
II. Society of Capitalism and the war 13
III. Symbolism of self-control and spirit of undefeated 14
Conclusion 15
Bibliography 16
Acknowledgements 17